Celtic Christianity: – (Cornish: Kristoneth; Welsh: Cristnogaeth; Scottish Gaelic: Crosdaidheachd; Manx: Credjue Creestee/Creestiaght; Irish: Crostaocht/Crostlacht; Breton: Kristeniezh) is a form of Christianity that was common, or thought to be common, throughout the Celtic-speaking world during the Early Middle Ages. Some writers have characterised a separate Celtic Church that unites the Celtic peoples and distinguishes them from Roman Catholics, while others categorise Celtic Christianity as a collection of diverse rituals that occur in those countries. Various experts disagree with the former assertion, but they do agree that certain traditions and customs existed in both the Irish and British cultures. that were not seen in the wider Christian world.
Such practices include: A unique technique for calculating Easter dates, a type of monastic tonsure, a unique system of penance, and the popularity of going into “exile for Christ” are examples of such traditions. There were also other practises that evolved in specific areas of Britain and Ireland but were not known to have extended beyond those areas. Rather than true theological distinctions, the phrase usually refers to regional behaviours within the insular churches and their associates.
Many historians dislike the term Celtic Church because it implies a coherent and identifiable organisation apart from mainstream Western Christianity. As a result, many people prefer the term “insular Christianity.” “One of the major fallacies is that there was a Roman Church to which the Celtic Church was nationally opposed,” Patrick Wormald remarked.
- 2Developing image of Celtic Christianity
- 4Universal practice
- 5Pan-Celtic traditions
- 6Other British and Irish traditions
- 7Influence on Christianity in the British Isles
- 8Celtic Christian revivalism
- 9See also
- 13Further reading
Image attribution : J. R. Skelton (Joseph Ratcliffe Skelton; 1865–1927) (illustrator), erroneously credited as John R. Skelton, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons